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  • 学科介绍


一、材料科学与工程学科基本情况

    哈尔滨工业大学材料科学与工程(MSE)学科建于哈尔滨、威海、深圳三个校区,学科起源于1952年国内最早建立的金属材料及热处理、焊接、铸造、锻压等专业,1998年获首批材料科学与工程一级学科博士点,2007年被评为国家一级重点学科,2012年一级学科评估排名第三,2017年一级学科评估结果为A,入选双一流建设学科。

拥有焊接、热加工、空间材料等9个国家级教学科研平台,拥有1个国家自然科学基金创新群体、3个教育部创新团队/国防科技创新团队,37人次入选国家级高层次人才计划。

学科设有8个本科专业:材料科学与工程、材料成型及控制工程、焊接技术与工程、材料物理、电子封装技术、光电信息材料与器件、增材制造工程;包含5个博士/硕士点二级学科:材料学、材料加工工程、材料物理与化学、材料与器件空间环境效应科学与技术、光电信息科学与工程;并设有材料科学与工程博士后流动站。

   二、学科方向与优势特色

学科重点发展先进陶瓷材料与金属基复合材料、空间环境材料与行为评价、光电材料与器件、超常凝固与成形、复杂结构精密塑性成形、高能束焊接与异种材料连接等6个优势学科方向,以及超高温精密成形、前沿材料增材制造及3D打印、微纳连接与加工制造、海洋工程材料及深加工、柔性印刷电子技术、先进材料基因组设计与制备、石墨烯及二维材料等7个新兴交叉学科方向。

学科坚持航天国防特色、坚持以国家重大工程为牵引、坚持以新材料和高性能成形加工一体化为发展重点,近五年牵头承担国家重点研发计划等国家重大项目9项、国防重大基础研究项目3项,并承担重大工程项目8项,年均科研经费2.5亿余元。2000年以来获得国家科技三大奖20项。

2016年以来突破了先进陶瓷材料与金属基复合材料、高能束焊接与异种材料连接等学科方向一系列关键基础理论问题,在ScienceNature Communication等国际顶级期刊发表论文超过200篇,引领了材料学科的发展。突破了航空航天难变形材料复杂结构精密成形等一批关键技术,3项成果支撑了长征七号运载火箭等国家重大战略装备成功首飞。获国家自然科学二等奖1项、国家技术发明二等奖2项、国家科技进步二等奖1项。

   三、人才培养目标

    以培养信念执着、品德优良、知识丰富、本领过硬、具有国际化视野、引领未来发展的新时代杰出人才为目标真材实料工艺精湛的文化传统厚基础强实践严过程、求创新的人才培养特色。培养了一批对材料产业和学术研究做出重要贡献的杰出人才以及社会精英包括周玉韩杰才李贺军曹喜滨、范瑞祥、陈光等18位院士。

   四、生源情况

    学科吸引力持续提高,双一流校及学科的生源比例达80%;国际声誉不断提升,吸引了一批来自法国、俄罗斯等国家留学生;博士生创新能力不断增强,招生数量和质量逐年提高,每年招收博士生已超过160人。

   五、国内外影响

    一批教授担任国家级战略咨询专家和国际学术组织重要职务,为国家制定本领域发展战略提供重要咨询建议。周玉担任国际陶瓷联盟秘书长、国务院材料学科评议组召集人、教育部材料类教指委主任;韩杰才担任教育部科学技术委员会材料学部主任;冷劲松担任国际复合材料委员会副主席;冯吉才担任中国焊接学会理事长;苑世剑担任国际塑性加工会议常务理事、曾任中国塑性工程学会理事长;苏彦庆担任世界铸造组织有色材料委员会主席近五年与行业龙头企业建立22个联合实验室协同创新和人才培养作用日益增强ESI论文数排名世界第9综合影响力排名第25,位列万分之三;US News排名第40、软科第44,学科整体实力进入世界一流。

 

1.     Introduction to the discipline

 The Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) discipline originated in 1952 from the earliest Metal Materials and Heat Treatment, Welding, Casting and Metal Forming majors in China, built in three campuses located in Harbin, Weihai and Shenzhen. After then, it was honored with a first-level discipline doctoral program in 1998 and national key first-level disciplines in 2007. The MSE discipline ranked third in China in the first-level discipline assessment in 2012 and achieved grade A in the first-level discipline assessment in 2017, and then it was listed as the “Double First-Class” construction discipline.

 It owns 9 national teaching and research platforms including welding, hot processing and space environmental materials laboratories, etc., and is supported with one Innovative Research Group of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, three innovative research teams of Ministry of Education or National Defense. 37 scholars of the MSE discipline were honored with national talent support programs.

 There are eight majors in the discipline, including material science and engineering, material forming and control engineering, welding technology and engineering, material physics, electronic packaging technology, optoelectronic information materials and devices, additive manufacturing engineering. There are five second-level disciplines, including materials science, material processing engineering, material physics and chemistry, science and technology of space environmental effects of materials and devices, optoelectronic information science and engineering, as well the postdoctoral research station of material science and engineering.


2.     Research directions and advantages

 The discipline focuses on developing 6 superior research directions, including advanced ceramic and metal matrix composites, materials and behavior evaluation of space environment, optoelectronic information materials and devices, unconventional solidification and casting, precision forming of complicated structures, high energy beam welding and dissimilar materials joining, etc. Meanwhilethe discipline is also developing 7 new inter-disciplinary research directions, including precision forming at ultra-high temperature, additive manufacturing and 3-D printing, micro/nano joining and manufacturing, materials and deep processing for ocean engineering, flexible printing electronics technology, advanced materials design and preparation based on genome engineering, graphene and two-dimensional materials.

 The discipline is dedicated to aerospace and national defense, to meet the needs from national key projects and keeps developing new materials and high-performance forming and processing technologies.

 In the last 5 years, the discipline has been in charge of 9 national key research programs, 3 national defense basic research programs and 8 key engineering projects with a funding of more than RMB 250 million per year. The discipline has achieved 20 national science and technology awards since 2000.

 Since 2016, a series of key basic theoretical issues in the discipline direction have been investigated, including advanced ceramic materials and metal matrix composites, high-energy beam welding and dissimilar material connection, and more than 200 papers in international top journals such as Science and Nature Communication have been published, leading the development of materials science. A number of key technologies such as of complicated structure precision forming of hard-to-deform materials for aerospace have been broken through, and three of them have supported the successful maiden flight of national major strategic equipments such as the Long March 7 carrier rocket. One second prize of the State Natural Science Award, two second prizes of State Technological Innovation Award and one second prize of State Science and Technology Progress Award have been granted.

 

3.     Goal of student cultivation

 The goal is to cultivate students with faith, virtue, knowledge, skills and international vision that could lead the development of material science and engineering in the future. During the cultivation of the students, the discipline keeps promoting its culture “be honest and master exquisite skills” and educates the students in the approaches of “laying a solid foundation, focusing on practice, strictening process and encouraging innovation”.

 A group of outstanding talents and social elites that have made significant contributions to the materials industry and academic research has been cultivated, including 18 academicians such as Yu Zhou, Jiecai Han, Hejun Li and Xibin Cao, Ruixiang Fan, Guang Chen.

 

4.     Attraction to admission applicants

 The attraction of the subject continues to increase and the quality of the accepted postgraduate students keeps improving. About 80% of the admitted postgraduate students are from “Double First-Class” universities or disciplines. The international reputation of the MSE discipline is growing and have attracted more and more international students from countries such as France and Russia, etc. The innovation ability of PhD students is rising sharply and both the quality and the number of accepted PhD students keep increasing with 160 admitted PhD students per year.

 

5.     Domestic and international impact

 A group of professors in the MSE discipline serve as national-level strategic consulting experts and hold important positions in international academic organizations. They have provided important suggestions for the country to formulate development strategies in the MSE field. Prof. Yu Zhou is elected as the secretary-general of the International Ceramic Federation, and he also serves as the convener of State Council Review Committee for Material Discipline, and the director of the Materials Education Steering Committee; Prof. Jiecai Han is the director of the Material Group in the Scientific and Technological Commission of the Ministry of Education; Prof. Jinsong Leng serves as the Vice Chairman of the International Committee on Composite Materials; Prof. Jicai Feng is elected as the Chairman of the Chinese Welding Society; Prof. Shijian Yuan serves as the member of Standing Advisory Board for International Conference on Technology of Plasticity and he used to be the chairman of the China Society for Technology of Plasticity; Prof. Yanqing Su is the chairman of the Non-ferrous Materials Commission of the World Foundry Organization.

 To increase the impact of collaborative innovation and talents cultivation, the MSE discipline has established 22 joint laboratories with leading companies.

 In 2020, the number of ESI papers of the MSE discipline is ranked 9th in the world while the comprehensive influence is ranked 25th, which is top three out of ten thousand. Moreover, the discipline is ranked 40th in US News and 44th in ARWU, and the overall strength of the discipline has reached the world-class level.


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